: Research activity


Applied research

The database of environmental life conditions in Russia has been created; climatic parameters and bioclimatic indices of Russia territory zoning according to climate comfort/discomfort index have been created. Our researchers investigate frequency of atmospheric natural hazards and extreme events (high and low temperature, drought, flood, and their combinations on territory of Russia) under contemporary climate change. Climate change scenarios are developed for characteristics like limits of change of temperature, precipitation and snow cover, permafrost regime, shift of boundaries of natural zones, frequency of extreme weather phenomena. Databases of climatic parameters (air temperature, precipitation, characteristics of snow cover, etc.) on territory of Russia and other countries are created. Duration of the time series is limited by 150-180 years, with daily and monthly time resolution. The archive of the historical and indirect natural data of climate of the last millennium in northern Eurasia was created.
Russia territory zoning on combinations of climatic extreme events is developed. This method is used for preparation of maps of the Atlases on Federal zoning of Russia, published by the Ministry of the Emergency Situations of Russia in 2007-2009.

National Contact Point NCP Environment, including climate change for interaction with EU FP7 program has been organized at the Institute of Geography. It created a database of scientists - potential participants of the EU FP7 on thematic area Environment, including climate change at the end of 2008. Marketing e-mail survey (more than 100 Russian organizations) has been conducted among the most known centers of science of Russia and the organizations taking part in federal research programs of Russia.

The survey was done among researchers on the following FP7 themes:
- Climate change, pollution and risks;
- Natural hazards;
- Environment and health;
- Conservation and sustainable management of natural and man-made resources;
- Biodiversity;
- Marine environment;
- Urban development;
- Environmental technologies;
- Earth observation;
- Horizontal activities.